Dog owners often humanize their furry loved ones. We communicate with them, take care of them, and give them infinite love and affection.
We invest a lot of time and energy ensuring the food they consume helps keep them fit, healthy, and happy. But we rarely consider the digestive health of our four-legged friends.
When deliberating about puppies, diet, and digestive system, the primary question folks tend to ask is how long does it take for a puppy to digest food?
It is essential to know so that you can choose the best food for your pooch according to his breed, size, and age. It means we must grab information about the canine digestive system.
Because if his digestive system is not functioning properly, your pup won’t be acquiring the crucial nutrients he needs from his food.
Plus, it could be an ailment, making it significant to understand how their gastrointestinal system works so that you can observe any irregularities quickly in their natural digestive rhythms.
In this guide, we are going to answer a vital question: how long does it take for a puppy to digest food, and how to figure out its gut is working well? The more information you have about your mutts, the more you can make sure that they have overall good health.
how long does it take for a puppy to digest food?
How Long Does It Take For A Puppy To Digest Food?
The entire digestive system can take up to 6 to 8 hours in puppies, but some researches have revealed that it could take 13 hours too. Studies suggest that the digestive process for big dogs can be 21.5 to 57 hours longer than puppies.
However, multiple factors have an immense impact on your pet’s normal digestion time. The key factors to reflect in puppy metabolism are:
The metabolism of puppies is faster than older doggies.
The pups take a considerably short time to digest their food compared to bigger ones.
Drinking enough water can boost the digestion process.
Amount And Type Of Food
All foods are different, some of them are easy to digest, and some are hard to digest. For instance, dry foods are hard to digest than wet ones. Also, the more food they have consumed, the longer time the absorption process will take.
An inactive lifestyle can slow down the breakdown process of food. A puppy that performs exercise daily will have a healthy digestive system.
Here you also need to know that a puppy’s digestion is slower than other animals. Sometimes, it can take approximately 8 to 12 hours to break down the food before it arrives in the intestines.
The time frame will differ according to the above-mentioned factors. In humans, the digestion process normally takes up to four to five hours.
The Pooch Digestion Process
The pup’s gastrointestinal system consists of all the organs engaged in eating and processing food. It has various sections and begins when the food enters the puppy’s mouth and travels through the body.
Then, the body absorbs all vital nutrients and emits any waste as feces. The reality is, a dog’s digestive system is quite complex, so we have broken it down into simple facts here.
Just like humans, the foremost step of digestion starts in the mouth by chewing the food. They tear down the food using their teeth into smaller bits.
The enzymes present in the saliva kickstart the procedure of breaking down the food on a chemical level. The mouth is the first place where digestive issues can happen.
It is a chosen trail where food and water travel from the mouth to the stomach. You should pay attention to any problems occurring in this place. They should be observed and medicated by the veterinarian.
The stomach of a dog is a highly acidic area where partially-digested food is deposited, and here, enzymes break down the food. It also determines how much food is stored in the small intestine and at what rate.
With the growing age of your dog, you may have to include additives or tablets in his daily diet to help him digest the food properly.
From the stomach, the food goes into the intestines. The small intestine absorbs the major part of the food’s nutrition. The bile from the gallbladder binds the food and defuses stomach acid.
Enzymes from the pancreas also aid in breaking down the food and boosting up the chemical responses that digest and absorb it. Then, the nutrients of digested food are absorbed through the intestine walls into the blood vessels.
The blood supplies these nutrients in the whole body. The liver plays a significant part in the metabolism of nutrients. When your puppy’s food reaches the large intestine, the majority of essential nutrients already have been absorbed in his body.
It absorbs water and partially ferments dietary fiber. It stores the remaining waste material as feces before removing it through defecation.
It is the unacknowledged hero of the entire digestion process. This is an area where the food and waste become fecal matter, deposited there until the poop bag comes out.
Examining his stool can help you understand if he currently has a healthy digestive tract. If the intestinal system is not working properly, you will witness different symptoms, including vomiting, burping, coughing, and diarrhea.
Digestive Problems In Pups
Some canines digest food swiftly, slowly, or less efficiently than others if they are suffering from a problem that disturbs their digestive system. These are the types of issues your dog can experience:
- Tumors in the gastric tract
- Viral or bacterial infections
- Liver and gallbladder ailment
- Loss of appetite
- Blood or mucus in stools
- Megacolon, etc.
If your dog has any of these problems or symptoms we have discussed, you should get in touch with your vet immediately.
We hope now you are aware of how long does it take for a puppy to digest food and how their digestive system work. Pet owners need to understand how their pet is feeling and enduring, as it helps them to take better care of them. If your lapdog is taking longer than usual to absorb food, take them to the vet as soon as possible to find out the root cause of the problem and get treatment faster.